United Arab Emirates
The United Arab Emirates was established on the second of December 1971
This day is celebrated every year as the national day of the country
On this day, all the major cities of the country are flooded with lights in celebration of this national occasion.
The United Arab Emirates is a country in Western Asia at the southeast end of the Arabian Peninsula, bordered by Oman to the east and Saudi Arabia to the west and south.
Iran is the closest country to it from the north.
The area of the United Arab Emirates is 83,600 square kilometers (including approximately 200 islands in the Gulf).
The United Arab Emirates consists of seven Emirates
- Abu Dhabi
- Umm Al Quwain
- Ras Al Khaimah
The most important cities in the Emirates
The Emirates consists of 7 main emirates, and in each emirate, there is a group of cities that are considered the most developed and important, and the most important of these cities are:
Dubai : Dubai is located on the southeastern coast, and it is considered one of the largest cities in the UAE, and one of the most famous cities in the world, and the most developed and expensive.
It is an important business center globally, as it attracts tourists from everywhere, and it has distinctive projects, the most famous of which are the artificial islands It was created off the coast, such as the islands (palms) and islands (the world), knowing that the economy of Dubai is mainly based on oil, tourism, real estate, aviation, and financial services.
Abu Dhabi : The city of Abu Dhabi is located on a peninsula in the Arabian Gulf, where its territory takes the form of a letter (T) in English, and it is considered the second-largest city in the United Arab Emirates in terms of population, and Abu Dhabi includes federal government offices; it is a political, economic and economic center, A major cultural, and commercial state of the country.
Sharjah : Sharjah is located along the southern coast of the Arabian Gulf, and it is the third-largest city in the Emirates, as it is a major center for industry and culture in the region, and the World Health Organization has designated the city as a healthy city, in addition to that it is considered one of the best cities for university students. Al-Ain: Al Ain is located 160 km from Abu Dhabi, and 30.8% of Emirati citizens reside in it. It is considered the second-largest city in the Emirate of Abu Dhabi, and it is called the (Green City) because of the large number of green spaces in it. It includes many tourist attractions, such as Al Ain National Museum, the site of the Hili Archaeological Park, restored forts, and the Al Ain Palace Museum.
Ajman : The city of Ajman is the fifth largest city in the United Arab Emirates, with a population of approximately 400 thousand people.
The city includes several commercial markets, companies, and a large number of national and international retail stores.
Life in the Emirates
Life in the Emirates is characterized by diversity and high human development, as it is considered a modern, rich country, and the following is an overview of some aspects of life in the Emirates:
The current economy of the UAE is based on the oil stock, of which the reserve reached 98.2 billion barrels for the year 1998 AD, and investment projects are active in the country, given its rise and development that has lasted for more than 30 years, which contributed to increasing job opportunities and increasing per capita income.
The capital is Abu Dhabi.
The capital includes all decision-making centers at the national level. However, each of the emirates has a degree of independence so that it can issue its legislation.
The official currency of the United Arab Emirates is the dirham. The dirham is equal to 100 fils.
The official religion of the United Arab Emirates is Islam. But there is a proliferation of many religions and other faiths, and the right to worship is guaranteed to all. Churches are common in some emirates, and in Dubai, there is a Hindu temple.
The weather is moderate during the period between October to March of each year, when the sun is shining and the weather is nice (average temperatures during that period of 26 ° C). The nights are cool (with an average nighttime temperature of 15¼C). Summer lasts during the period from April to September, at which time the heat reaches its peak where it sometimes reaches 50¼ with a sharp rise in the level of humidity.
During the summer, the south and east winds blow through the Emirates, causing dust and dust.
The UAE offers free education in its public schools, where it has been keen to develop its curriculum to suit the development goals in the country, but in the field of higher education, many universities have been established in it, including the United Arab Emirates University, Zayed University, and the Gulf Medical College, Higher colleges of technology, and other universities, and the city of Abu Dhabi is home to educational facilities.
The UAE was taking on a simple nature represented by simple clay buildings, and with the development that took place in the state, it became distinguished by its tall buildings and large shopping centers, while retaining the Arab-Islamic architectural character of the city, which appears in the Arab and Islamic designs of modern buildings, such as arched windows and doors, And others, as the state cares about culture, as a cultural center has been established in Abu Dhabi consisting of three buildings, one of which is a large national library, an art gallery, and a conference center for conferences.
The UAE adopts the presidential electoral system as a system for governing it. The ruler of Abu Dhabi is considered the president of the United Arab Emirates, and the ruler of Dubai is the prime minister of the state.
The most prominent landmarks of the Emirates
The UAE is adorned with a set of landmarks that make it an attractive destination for tourists. Here is a summary of the most prominent of these landmarks:
Burj Khalifa : Burj Khalifa is located in the heart of Dubai, and it is the tallest tower in the world with a height of 828 m.
The tower includes rooms, luxury hotel suites, distinctive residential apartments, a sports club, and restaurants, one of which resides at the top of the tower, providing a view to its visitors
That the construction of the tower was recommended by the ruler of Dubai, Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum, where it was opened in 2010 AD.
Sheikh Zayed Grand Mosque : The mosque was built in Abu Dhabi by the first president of the United Arab Emirates, Sheikh Zayed, and it is a mosque with a brilliant architectural design.
Besides its large area, which can accommodate approximately 50 thousand worshipers, it glows with many marble domes of number Up to 80 domes, which in turn are based on a thousand luxurious pillars, and have four minarets of up to 107 m in height. The mosque is decorated with pure white marble, white Macedonian marble, and semi-cream stones, such as lapis lazuli, iron chandeliers, gold, copper, and crystal,
And a rug of Iranian cotton, and newsworthy wool Linde, and other elements that make the mosque a masterpiece.
Burj Al Arab : Burj Al Arab rises to a length of 321 meters in the sky of the city of Dubai, and was officially opened in 1999 AD.
Burj Al Arab is distinguished as one of the tallest buildings in the world, and it was built on an artificial island 280 meters from the beach, and its architectural design that takes the form of an Arab sailing ship It has made it a distinctive icon for the UAE, and it is worth noting that Burj Al Arab offers various services to its visitors.
It has one of the best restaurants in the world, a children's club, a ballroom, many luxury hotels, a water park, places to relax, a fitness center.