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Flag of Egypt


Flag of Egypt for the first national flag of modern Egypt was established by a royal decree in 1923 when Egypt gained independence from Great Britain in 1922.


The color was green with a white crescent & 3 stars in the middle.

In 1958, a Presidential Decree established a new flag for the United Arab Republic which comprised a merger of Egypt & Syria. The new flag had 3 colors: red, white with 2 green stars & black.

The flag was rectangular in shape.

In 1972, the law was amended to change the flag of Egypt . The stars were removed from the flag of Egypt  & replaced by a golden hawk.

In 1984, the hawk was replaced by a golden eagle in flag of Egypt .

The color red symbolize the period before 1952 Revolution which brought a group of army officers to power after deposing King Farouk, then King of Egypt. This was a period characterized by the struggle against the British occupation.

The white refers to the advent of the 1952 Revolution which ended the monarchy without bloodshed.

The color black symbolizes the end of oppression of the people of Egypt at the hand of the Monarchy & British colonialism.

The national flag of Egypt  is hoisted in all government buildings on Fridays, official holidays, on the inauguration of the people Assembly session & other occasions.

The flag of Egypt is hoisted daily on border posts & customs buildings. It is also hoisted on Egyptian consulates & embassies overseas on the |National Day & other national occasions, as well as during the visit of the President to the country hoisting the diplomatic mission.

Abusing the flag of Egypt is  a criminal offence & is punishable under law as it implies contempt of the power of the state. Penal provision also governs abuse of foreign flags or national emblems of other countries.

The National Anthem was adapted after 1979, words & music by Sayed Darwish. Prior to that, the National Anthem was “walla zaman ya selahy” (oh my weapon) with words by Salah Djahyn & music by Kamal Ataweel.

This is a part of National Anthem that is sung in particular when the flag of Egypt is hoisted:


My homeland, my homeland, my hallowed land,

Only to you, is my due hearty love at command,

My homeland, my homeland, my hallowed land,

Only to you, is my due hearty love at command,

Mother of the great ancient land,

My sacred wish & holy demand,

All should love, awe & cherish thee,

Gracious is the Nile to humanity,

No evil hand can harm or do you wrong,

So long as your free sons are strong,

My homeland, my homeland, my hallowed land,

Only to you, is my due hearty love at command.