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About Egypt

 

About Egypt it is the cradle of civilization, the source of religions and the gate way to Africa.

About Egypt its over 50 centuries engendered the development of culture & civilization; Paranoiac, Christian, & Islamic; and, all during those long years, has generously contributed to Europe.

About Egypt it was the first state to establish a system of administration & a capital with the administrative & religious centers.

Today Cairo is the foremost capital on the African continent & lies at the center of all routes leading to & from the capitals of the 3 continents; Asia, Africa & Europe.

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About Egypt Egypt it the cradle of civilization from time immemorial, has been blessed with an excellent climate that made it the center of attraction.

 1 - About Egyptian Geography:

  • Location:North Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Libya & Gaza Strip, & Red Sea north of the Sudan, & includes the Asian Sinai Peninsula.

  • Geographic coordinates: 27 00 N, 30 00 E

  • Tropic of Cancer is passing in the south of Egypt, through Lake Nasser.

  • Map references: Africa

  • Area: total: about 1,001,000 sq. km. land: 995,000 sq. km. water: 6,000 sq. km.

  • Land boundaries: total: 2,665 km.  Boarder countries: Gaza Strip 11 km. Palestine 266 km. Libya 1,115 km. The Sudan 1,273 km.

  • Coast line: 2,450 km.

 

2 - About Egypt Climate:

  • Desert; hot, dry, summers with moderate winters.

 

 3 - Terrain:

  • Vast desert plateau interrupted by Nile valley & delta.

 

 4 - Elevation extremes:

  • Lowest point: Qattara Depression -133 m
  • Highest point: Mount Catherine 2,629 m

 

5 - About Egypt Natural resources:

  • Petroleum, natural gas, iron ore
  • phosphates, manganese, limestone
  • gypsum, talc, lead, zinc

 

6 - About Egypt Land use:

  • Arable land: about 3%
  • Permanent crops: 0.47%
  • Irrigated land: 33,000 sq km (1998 EST.) 

 

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7 - Environment & natural hazards:

  • frequent earthquakes, landslides
  • hot driving windstorm called “khamasin”, sandstorm
  • increasing soil salivation, desertification, oil pollution, water pollution

 

8 - About People of Egypt:

                            About 77,000,000 (2004 est.)

  • Age structure:

             00-14 years: about 33.5%

             15-64 years: about 62%

                            65 years & over: about 4.5% (2004 est.)

 

  • Ethnic groups:

                            Egyptian, Bedouins, Berbers, Greek, Nubian, Armenian, other 99%

                            European 1%

 

9 - About Egyptian Religions:

  • Muslim 94%
  • Christian & other 6%

 

10 - About Egyptian  Languages:

  • Arabic (official)
  • English & French understood by educated classes

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11 - About Egyptian Government:

  • Country name:
  • Conventional long form: Arab Republic of Egypt
  • Conventional short form: Egypt
  • Local short form: Misr
  • Government type: republic
  • Capital: Cairo
  • 26 governorates (muhafazat) such as: Cairo, Giza, Alex, South Sinai, Minufiyah, Fayoum, Suey, Port Sa’id, Al Minya, Asyut, Qena, Luxor, Aswan …… etc.
  • Independence from UK: 1922
  • National day: 23 July 1952 (Revolution Day)
  • Suffrage 18 years of age

 

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12 - About  Egypt Economy:

  • Sources of income:

                                  Custom duties & taxes, Tourism, Suez Canal, Oil, Agriculture, Industry ……

  • Unemployed rate:

                                  about 10% (2003 EST.)

  • Exports – goods:

                                   Crude oil & Petroleum products, cotton, textiles, chemicals, metal products

  • Exports – partners:

                                   US, Italy, UK, France

  • Imports – goods:

                                   Machinery & equipment, Foodstuffs, wood products, fuels, chemicals

  • Imports – partners:

                                   US, Germany, Italy, France, China

  • Currency:  

                                   Egyptian pound (EGP)

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13 - About Egypt  Communication:

  • Telephones – main lines
  • Mobile cellular
  • Radio broadcast: AM, FM
  • TV broadcast (1995)
  • Internet country code:  .eg

 

 14 - About Egypt  Transportation:

  • Railways: more than 5,000 km
  • Highways: more than 64,000 km
  • Waterways: 3,500 km
  • Ports & harbors:

                     Alex., Damietta, Hurghada, Safaga, Port Said, Quseir, Marsa Matruh, Suez, Asyut, Aswan